CBSE or Central Board for Secondary Education is a national level board of education established to supervise the planning of education curriculum and its appropriate implementation in the affiliated schools. The board is managed by the Indian government and is currently present in India and 25+ foreign countries.
It also reviews and updates the syllabus, innovate teaching-learning methodologies, implements reforms in examinations & evaluation practices, etc. There are more than 19,000 public and private schools and the number will increase in the near future.
CBSE has established a set of affiliation bye-laws about the affiliation process. There are some infrastructure requirements that any applying school should know.
- A school should be in operation before it applies for affiliation.
- The school must own a minimum area of land as per its location and the region it stands in. The premise must hold a constructed building on one part of the land and ample playing & open space on the remaining part of the land.
- As per CBSE affiliation norms, a school situated in a hilly area or in a city with the total population of more than 25 lakhs, the minimum land required for the school is 1 acre. While for schools in cities with the resident population of less than 25 lakhs, the land area should be minimum 2 acres.
- The trust or society running the school must be registered beforehand and the land for the school should also be registered with the name of this society. If the society does not own the land, it should have been leased to the same society for a minimum period of 30 years. This lease period can be for a period less than 30 years only in case the land is allotted by the govt. or a govt. agency.
- The school should have classrooms big enough to provide at least the floor space of 1 sq. mtr. to each student individually along with all proper facilities for the children. The school must also have all the basic facilities required for the physically challenged students like chairs, elevators or slopes, etc.
- There should be ample and suitable furniture like chairs tables, lecture stands, cupboards, desks, organising stands, etc. for the classrooms, faculty rooms, and office to match the needs and comfort of all the students, teachers and other staff members.
- There must also be proper space for extracurricular activities like stage area, sports ground, courts, etc. This should be supported by the needed equipment and facilities.
- There should be a minimum of 1 computer lab in the school. And the lab should be well equipped with a good internet connection, minimum 10 computers or computer to students ratio of 1:20. The school must have a spacious library with 1500 books and 15 magazines at least. The student to book ratio has to be maintained at 1:5 by the school authorities.
- Proper certifications have to be taken from local authorities for the safety of children, safe drinking water & sanitation, hygienic and healthy environment etc.
- The school must also fulfill all the standards set by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 about the teacher to student ratio, school basic infrastructure requirements, minimum working hours and required equipment in the school premises.